AQA GCSE Music Flashcards


AQA GCSE Music Flashcards; plethora of musical keywords needed for the Listening Exam
Flashcards by nicolalennon12, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by nicolalennon12 almost 9 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Ritornello 'returning' - section of music repeated during concerto STRUCTURE/FORM DEVICE
Courante Originated in France Allegro 3/4 Dotted rhythms
Madrigal unaccompanied part song; early Baroque
Terraced Dynamics abrupt shift of volume levels
Figured Bass notation device numbers written below bass; complete chord identification
Basso Continuo cello plays bass, alongside harpsichord ORGAN FOR CONTINUO!
Baroque 1600-1750 complex contrapuntal use suspension and chromatic inflection
Sarabande originated in Spain largo 2/3 decorated with ornaments
Minuet moderato 3/4
Gigue originated in England 'jig' fastest movement allegro - compound 6/8
Motet sacred piece for voices using polyphony and much imitation often acapella
Allemande start of Baroque suite moderato 4/4
Oratorio large scale settings of story in concert, not theatre
Perfect Cadence V-I full stop
Chromatic other notes, as well as that of the scale
Imperfect Cadence I, II, IV - V musical comma
Drone 5th apart played in bass
Pedal sustained note while harmonies change
Plagal Cadence IV - ! amen
Interrupted Cadence V - VI surprise comma
Diatonic notes from same scale
Polyphonic different parts, different notes, different rhythms
Melodic Diminution shortening note values, reducing intervals AUGMENTATION IS OPPOSITE
Sequence repeated phrase at higher or lower pitch
Monophonic one texture
Homophonic different parts, different notes, same rhythm melody and accomp. - mainly chordal
Antiphonal 'sounding across'
Da Capo Aria opera solo singer accompanied by orchestra
Binary AB (2 sections)
Ground Bass melody in bass line used over and over
Ternary ABA (3 sections)
Minuet and Trio
Strophic Form same music, dif verses THROUGH COMPOSED IS OPPOSITE
Sonata Form exposition, development, recapitulation
Rondo A1 B1 A2 C A3 B2 A4 section A comes back
Ostinato repeated rhythmic phrase
Syncopation off beat rhytms displacement of accents from strong to weak beats
Hemiola temporary change of metre
Rubato certain amount of tempo freedom
Largo very slow
Andante walking pace, steady
Allegro fast, lively
Presto very fast
Indian Instruments sitar, srangi, tabla, bansuri, shenhai
Alap opening raga section - improvised GAT IS OPPOSITE
Raga melody
Tala rhythm
Carribean Music african and european musical influences
Instruments of Carribean guitar, congas, bongos, claves, maracas, cabasa, reco reco, guiro, agogo, tres, cuatro, guitarrone
Salsa lively, Cuba origin 'coro' - improv. section latin percussion front line of horns love, everyday lyrics
Calypso carnival 4/4 topical, witty, satirical form of solo song that combines stories with memorable tunes and rhythms
Reggae developed in Jamaica, from ska and rock steady emphasis on 2 and 4 syncopation
Mento jamaican folk 4/4, lively, syncopation accompanied by acoustic guitar, banjo, hand drums
Polyrhytm may different rhythms playing at the same time
Consonant pleasing
Dissonant clashing
Canonic exact imitation
Sampling taking an existing sound and using it somewhere else
Reverb echo
Distortion aggressive sound
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