Film Terminology


NCEA Level 2 Media Flashcards on Film Terminology, created by wumithepooh on 10/02/2015.
Flashcards by wumithepooh, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by wumithepooh over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Long Shot (LS) AKA: Full/Wide shot Shows entire object/figure & is usually intended to place it in some relation to its surroundings.
Big Close Up (BCU) Bigger than a Close Up, smaller than and Extreme Close Up. BCU of a person: will include the eyes and mouth but not the whole head
Extreme Close Up (ECU) Shows extreme detail. You would normally need a specific reason to get this close. It is too close to show general reactions or emotion except in very dramatic scenes.
Reverse Shot Views action from the opposite side of the previous shot, as during a conversation between two actors, giving the effect of looking from one actor to the other
Cut away (CA) Of something other than the current action. It could be a different subject, a close up of a different part of the subject or just anything else. Used as a "buffer" between shots (to help the editing process), or to add interest/information.
Noddy Shot Common in interviews, this is a shot of the person listening and reacting to the subject.
Deep focus Using a large depth of field so that the foreground, middle-ground and background are all in focus.
Dissolve Method of transitioning from one shot to another by briefly superimposing one image upon another and then allowing the first image to disappear. A dissolve=stronger form of transition than a cut and indicates a distinct separation in action.
Cut in Like a cutaway, but specifically refers to showing some part of subject in detail. Can be used to emphasise emotion etc. EG: hand movements can show enthusiasm, agitation, nervousness, etc.
Parallel Action Cutting repeatedly between two separate events that may or may not be related. (Like split stage in Drama)
Continuity Taking the viewer seamlessly and logically from one sequence or scene to another. It ensures that the narrative moves along and the suspension of disbelief is sustained.
Wipe An optical effect in which an image appears to "wipe-off" or push aside the preceding image. Very common in the 1930s; less so today.
Expansion of Time/Time expansion Making the duration of the video sequence longer than real-time. More Info on how this is done:
Contraction of Time/Time Compression Making the duration shorter than real-time.
Bridge A method of conveying a jump in time or place or other discontinuity. EG: Falling calendar pages, seasonal changes. May not just be visual.
Chiaroscuro Form of lighting depicting stark contrasts between light and shadow, especially in Film Noir.
Three-point lighting Three separate light positions allowing photographer to illuminate subject however desired, while controlling the shading and shadows produced by direct lighting.
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