Conservatives tend to believe in the power of the individual. Regulatory controls, they believe, should not impinge on individual freedoms, and this applies more so in the economic sphere. Social order and security should also be maintained.
Conservatism was born in a time of great change across Europe and the larger world. The enlightenment had opened many new doors of possibility. Conservatives were already wealthy individuals who were interested in maintaining the status quo.
This Mind Map should help make things clearer. Here we can see the principle values which are the bedrock of conservatism. There is recognition of human nature & inequality, and belief in hierarchy and pragmatism.
Over the years, conservatism has branched out into several related, but independent movements. These include authoritarian conservatism, traditional conservatism, one nation conservatism and the liberal new right.