Half of the world has been plunged into darkness (night time) which represents evil and death
'Wicked dreams' represents nightmares and they are plaguing
Duncan's sleep, which would usually be a place of safety for him
Murder is moving like an all-consuming
ghost. This is dark, dangerous and violent
The description of the dagger
The 'gouts of blood' appear on the dagger because he is thinking of the evil he is about to commit.
The handle is pointed towards his hand, showing that he
is keen to commit the regicide of killing the king.
It is a 'dagger of the mind', which could portray all of Macbeth's
The dagger is also pointing in the direction that
Macbeth is heading. It seems to be pointing the
way for Macbeth to go, spurring him on to be evil
Villainy is presented through Macbeth's actions. He is sneaking around at
night, which is traditionally associated with an evil being. Also, he is on his
way to kill King Duncan, which is definitely villainous, as it is treachery.
Macbeth's initial response to witches
He is intrigued by what they are saying to him,
and seems to like the fact that he is prophecised to
come in to power. This shows that he would like to become king in Duncan's place.
He is upset that the
witches have departed, and
actually urges them to stay
and tell him more of his
future. This shows that he
is is keen to find out how
he becomes king and he is
thirsty for power.
He instantly thinks of killing the king to become king himself,
which shows his ruthlessness.
Duncan's murder was plotted very thouroughly, which suggests how
cunning and sneaky Macbeth is. It's almost as though he has done
this sort of thing before but on a smaller scale.
Duncan's murder was not shown onstage. This is because Shakespeare had
to show respect for the monarch due to the belief in the divine right of
kings in that time period. Divine right of kings = belief that kings are
appointed by God.
The fact that Macbeth was
actually willing to kill the king to
take his title shows how
villainous he is, because this is
regicide and treachery.
Duncan was killed by Macbeth himself, showing that he
is perfectly happy to kill someone of a higher status
He killed Banquo for fear that he would tell
someone of his own treachery. This is
villainous because he was preventing people
from finding out the truth of his heinous
crime by committing yet another crime.
Banquo's murder was shown onstage, and it is shown that
he is brutally stabbed by an assassin. Shakespeare added
this in to entertain the audience. What's the point if having
a play full of murders if none of them are shown onstage,
Macbeth hired assassins to kill Banquo rather than do it himself. This
shows that he is very cowardly, despite him having already murdered the