|One or more vocalists performing without an accompaniment.
|A symbol used in music notation indicating to gradually quicken tempo.
|A tempo having a slow movement. E.g. restful or at ease.
|A direction given to play lively or fast.
|The unit of musical rhythm.
|A sequence of chords that brings an end to a phrase, either in the middle or at the end of a composition. E.g. Perfect, plagal, imperfect and interrupted are all cadences.
|A musical form where the melody or tune is imitated by individual parts at regular intervals. E.g. Frère Jacques is played often as a canon.
|Singing in unison, texts in a free rhythm. Similar to the rhythm of speech.
|Group of singers in a chorus.
|Two or more notes played simultaneously in harmony.
|A string of chords played in succession.
|Includes all twelve notes of an octave.
|In a sheet of music, a symbol at the beginning of a staff defining the pitch of the notes found in that particular staff.
|Harsh, discordant, and lack of harmony. Also a chord that sounds incomplete.
|Dull, monotonous tone as a humming or buzzing sound. Also a bass note held under a melody.
|A piece of music written for two vocalists or instrumentalists.
|The loudness or softness of a musical composition. Also the symbols in a sheet of music indicating volume.
|The performance of either all instruments of an orchestra or voices in a chorus.
|A symbol indicating that the note is to be diminished by one semitone.
|The structure of a piece of music.
|A symbol indicating to play loud.
|Sliding between two notes.
|Pleasing combination of two or three tones played together in the background while a melody is being played.
|The distance in pitch between two notes.
|Word to indicate the music is to be played smoothly.
|A tonal system of music that sounds 'happy'.
|A composition that uses passages from other movements of the composition in its entirety.
|A tonal system of music that makes the music sound 'sad'.
|To shift to another key.
|Eight full tones above the key note where they scale begins and ends.
|A large group of instrumentalists playing together.
|A repeated phrase throughout the piece.
|A musical scale having five notes. E.g. The five black keys of a keyboard make up a pentatonic scale.
|A single line of music played or sung. A musical sentence basically.
|An instruction in sheet music to play softly.
|The frequency of a note determining how high or low it sounds.
|String instruments that are picked instead of bowed.
|Combining a number of individual but harmonizing melodies. Also known as a counterpoint.
|A direction in a sheet of music indicating the tempo is to be very fast.
|The element of music pertaining to time, played as a grouping of notes into accented or unaccented beats.
|Successive notes of a key or mode either ascending or descending.
|A symbol indicating the note has to be raised by one semitone.
|Short detached notes.
|Made up of the five horizontal parallel lines and the spaces between them on which musical notation is written.
|A system of notation for stringed instruments. The notes are indicated by the finger positions.
|Tone, colour, quality of sound that distinguishes instrument to another. It is determined by the harmonies of sound.
|A numeric symbol in sheet music determining the number of beats in a measure (beats per bar).
|The tonal characteristics determined by the relationship of the notes to the tone.
|The keynote, the first tone of a scale.
|Quick repetition of the same note or rapid alternation between two notes.
|Rapid alternation between two notes that are a half tone or whole tone apart.
|Three notes played in the same amount of time as one or two beats.
|A rhythmic succession of musical tones, a melody for instruments and voices.
|Two or more voices or instruments playing the same note simultaneously.
|Creating variation pitch in a note by quickly alternating between notes.
|Direction in sheet music to play lively and spirited manner.
|A scale consisting of only whole-tone notes. Such as a scale that consists of only six notes.
|A whole tone is equal to two half notes, four quarter notes, eight eighth notes, etc.