Unit 3 Electrons


11th grade Chemistry Flashcards on Unit 3 Electrons, created by Elisa Lorenz on 27/10/2017.
Elisa Lorenz
Flashcards by Elisa Lorenz, updated more than 1 year ago
Elisa Lorenz
Created by Elisa Lorenz over 6 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Bright-Line Spectrum The wavelengths of visible light emitted by an element as an excited electron falls back to ground state. Each element has its own individual bright-line spectrum.
Excited State. An atom with one more electrons not in the ground state or lowest energy level
Isotopes Atoms with the same atomic number but a different number of neutrons. For a given element, the number of protons in the nucleus remains constant, but the number of neutrons may vary. For example, 14C and 12C are isotopes of carbon.
Principal Energy Levels In the Bohr Model of the atom, electrons are arranged around the nucleus of an atom in principal energy levels denoted by the by the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Electrons in orbit near the nucleus are at lower energy levels than those in orbits farther from the nucleus.
Spectral Lines When electrons in an atom in the excited state return to lower energy levels, radiant energy of a specific frequency is emitted, producing the characteristic spectral lines which can be used to identify the element.
Valence Electron An electron in the outermost principal energy level of an atom.
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