simple past

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estructura gramatical del pasado simple
Edith Martínez Pelaez
Flashcards by Edith Martínez Pelaez, updated more than 1 year ago
Edith Martínez Pelaez
Created by Edith Martínez Pelaez about 5 years ago
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Question Answer
The simple past is a verb tense which is used to show that a completed action took place at a specific time in the past. The simple past is also frequently used to talk about past habits and generalizations. Examples: I saw a movie yesterday. I didn't see a play yesterday. Last year, I traveled to Japan. Last year, I didn't travel to Korea. Did you have dinner last night? She washed her car. He didn't wash his car.
Use the simple past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind. Regular verbs in the past simple Add ed to most verbs. Ex. talk > talked , employ > employed If a short verb ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant, double the last letter and then add ed. Ex. stop > stopped. However, do not double the last letter if the verb ends in w, x or y. Ex. play > played, mix > mixed.
The most common time expressions used for the past simple are: yesterday, a week (month, year) ago, last (month, year, weekend, Monday) night, the day before yesterday, two days (months, years) ago. The time expression appears either at the beginning or at the end of the sentence – never in the middle of the sentence..
Wh-Questions in the Past Simple Wh- questions are questions that require more information in their answers. Typical wh- words are what, where, when, why, who, how, how many, how much. To create a wh-question, start with the wh-word, then add did (or didn’t for a negative question), then the subject (a person or thing that does the action), followed by the base form of the verb and only then add the rest of the sentence.
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