Jessica H.
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Jessica H.
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Music Therapy - CBMT practice exam #2

Question 1 of 20

1

A music therapist is working with several clients who are learning to play a variety of guitars. They have advanced in their skills and are ready for group performance. When performing together, one member becomes very excited and begins to play louder than the others. He does not respond to the therapist’s cues to play softer. To achieve musical balance within this group, which of the following guitars should the therapist ask this client to play?

Select one of the following:

  • three-quarter size

  • 12-string

  • classical

  • steel string

Explanation

Question 2 of 20

1

A music therapist has been hired by a facility to establish a new music therapy program. Which of the following would be the MOST effective way to seek referrals?

Select one of the following:

  • Send a memo to each unit explaining music therapy and requesting referrals.

  • Meet with each treatment team manager and request referrals.

  • Send flyers to each unit advertising music therapy services.

  • Conduct a music therapy in-service for the facility staff and encourage referrals.

Explanation

Question 3 of 20

1

A music therapist is arranging the music therapy setting prior to conducting a reminiscence group for 4 clients diagnosed with late-state dementia. To facilitate the clients’ therapeutic involvement, which of the following is the BEST arrangement for the chairs?

Select one of the following:

  • a semicircle with the therapist facing the group

  • a straight line with the therapist facing the group

  • a circle with the therapist sitting between the clients

  • a circle with the therapist sitting in the middle of the circle

Explanation

Question 4 of 20

1

A music therapist on a rehabilitation unit is assessing a new patient who has paraplegia to determine the patient’s musical background and preferences. Which of the following is the BEST method for the therapist to use?

Select one of the following:

  • patient improvisation

  • chart review

  • patient interview

  • family interview

Explanation

Question 5 of 20

1

Maintenance of Board certification requires adherence to the CBMT’s

Select one of the following:

  • Code of Professional Practice.

  • Standards of Best Practice.

  • Code of Clinical Competence

  • Standards of Musical Competence.

Explanation

Question 6 of 20

1

A 52-year-old woman hospitalized for ovarian cancer requests music therapy to help her relax and sleep. During the initial session conducted at bedtime, the patient shares her fears and life story before the use of any music intervention. After validating the patient’s feelings, the BEST direction for the music therapist to take is to

Select one of the following:

  • Discuss favorite songs important to the patient's life.

  • Improvise soft guitar music to help the patients go to sleep.

  • Compose a song with lyrics reflecting the patient's disclosure.

  • Close the session and bring the patient's favorite music to follow-up visits.

Explanation

Question 7 of 20

1

At the beginning of a session, a client is asked to choose an instrument and play along. The music therapist improvises a chant about a client’s instrument choice, the view from the therapy room window, and the fact that they are together for music time. The therapist is MOST likely addressing which of the following objectives?

Select one of the following:

  • improving orientation to the environment

  • enhancing decision-making skills

  • increasing the client's self-esteem

  • providing opportunities for musical self-expression

Explanation

Question 8 of 20

1

A music therapist is working with a group of at-risk teenagers. One member of the group suddenly becomes more engaging, brings a few possessions as gifts to other in the group, and writes song lyrics about “finding the answer.” These behaviors MOST likely indicate

Select one of the following:

  • Therapeutic progress.

  • Suicide risk.

  • Boundary crossing

  • Social engagement

Explanation

Question 9 of 20

1

A music therapist in a hospice setting is supervising a music therapy intern who is halfway through the internship. The intern has had 2 visits with his first patient with ALS. The patient is declining quickly and can no longer speak or swallow. The intern appears increasingly distraught and has begun creating excuses to avoid returning to this patient. The supervisor has learned the intern’s father was recently diagnosed with ALS. The supervisor should

Select one of the following:

  • reassign the patient to another therapist

  • offer support and guidance

  • encourage the intern to share his personal experience with the patient

  • refer the intern to the local ALS chapter

Explanation

Question 10 of 20

1

In a standard 12-bar blues form, the chord in the ninth measure is the

Select one of the following:

  • tonic

  • subdominant

  • submediant

  • dominant

Explanation

Question 11 of 20

1

Which of the following is part of a behavioral objective?

Select one of the following:

  • time frame

  • staff approach

  • assessment results

  • theoretical framework

Explanation

Question 12 of 20

1

The comprehensive term for observing, coaching, processing, and evaluating skills of a music therapist is called

Select one of the following:

  • administration

  • intervention

  • reflection

  • supervision

Explanation

Question 13 of 20

1

A young, adult client with a mild mental impairment calls the music therapist’s home to explain her absence from several group sessions. The client sates she has had leg surgery and also lost her stepfather to a sudden illness. How should the therapist BEST respond to her call?

Select one of the following:

  • Acknowledge the client’s feelings and suggest they talk at the next schedule session

  • Determine if there is an immediate need and suggest she make an appointment with a counselor.

  • Briefly acknowledge the client’s concerns and direct the conversation to a lighter subject.

  • Allow the client to express her feelings, offer her verbal support, and explore how she is coping.

Explanation

Question 14 of 20

1

Which of the following group music experiences would BEST develop a client’s social skills?

Select one of the following:

  • Keyboard lessons

  • Music video production

  • Music-assisted relaxation

  • Computer-generate composition

Explanation

Question 15 of 20

1

When the music therapist is consulting with a client’s family or significant others in the treatment planning process, it is appropriate to do all of the following EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Inquire about the client’s musical preferences.

  • Share information about leisure resources available.

  • Share histories of other clients for comparative studies.

  • Inquire about the family’s involvement upon discharge

Explanation

Question 16 of 20

1

A 13-year-old client with autism is brought to his initial music therapy session his record, he shows tactile defensiveness and has limited verbal ability. On entering the room, he walks around its perimeter looking at his hand as he runs it along the wall. In the room there is a piano, a drum, and a xylophone. Which of the following is the BEST initial approach to working with this client?

Select one of the following:

  • Take him by the hand and lead him to the instruments.

  • Verbally welcome him and invited him to the piano.

  • Observe and musically reflect his responses to the environment.

  • Ignore his behavior and begin playing march music on the piano.

Explanation

Question 17 of 20

1

In a residential facility, which of the following is the MOST reliable method for determining whether a client's progress has generalized outside of music therapy session?

Select one of the following:

  • Analyze target behaviors of the client outside of the music therapy setting.

  • Consult with direct care workers who are in contact with the client in the residential setting.

  • Consult progress notes written by other members of the client's multidisciplinary team.

  • Evaluate whether the client's behavior outside of music therapy is appropriate to the context of the residential setting

Explanation

Question 18 of 20

1

A client who only knows guitar chords in the first position wants to learn a song with the tablature for the following chords: E, B7, A, c#, f#. Which of the following transpositions BEST ensures successful playing of the song?

Select one of the following:

  • F, C7, Bb, d, g

  • D, A7, G, b, e

  • A, E7, D, f#, b

  • G, D7, C, e, a

Explanation

Question 19 of 20

1

In a music therapy session, which of the following behaviors is a clear example of denial by a client with chemical dependency?

Select one of the following:

  • The client states that he hates music and refuses to participate in the therapy session.

  • The client believes he cannot change and refuses to risk playing a new instrument.

  • The client will listen only to hard rock and tries to prevent others from listening to their choices.

  • The client identifies with drug-related songs, but only due to the musical style, not the lyrics.

Explanation

Question 20 of 20

1

Which of the following music experiences BEST promotes spatial awareness for a group of adults with developmental disabilities?

Select one of the following:

  • moving freely to client-preferred music

  • facilitating movement through live music

  • rehearsing a choreographed dance sequence

  • participating in an action song

Explanation