Kelda Brenny
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Chapter 6 Review

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Kelda Brenny
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Biology Chapter 6 Test Review

Question 1 of 26

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11 systems of the body (in alphabetical order) are:
system, system, system, system, system, system, system, system, system, system, and the system.

Explanation

Question 2 of 26

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Which system brings food, water, and oxygen to body cells and carries away waste products?
The system

Explanation

Question 3 of 26

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Which system protest the body from bacteria, viruses, and other disease-causing organisms? This system produces antibodies. It's called the system.

Explanation

Question 4 of 26

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Which system supplies the body tissue with oxygen and removes from them carbon dioxide?
The system.

Explanation

Question 5 of 26

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Which system breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloodstream?
It's called the system.

Explanation

Question 6 of 26

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Which system excretes waste materials from the body?
It's called the system.

Explanation

Question 7 of 26

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Which system coordinated the activities of the body? It tells the brain what the body is feeling, and it tells the body what the brain wants it to do.
It is called the system.

Explanation

Question 8 of 26

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Which system regulates many activities of the body (such as growth and digestion) using chemical messengers (hormones)?
It is the system.

Explanation

Question 9 of 26

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Which system provides communication with the outside world through sensory receptors? It also protects the body from its surroundings.
It is the system.

Explanation

Question 10 of 26

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Which system gives support and rigidity to the body, protects vital organs, and produces blood cells?
The system.

Explanation

Question 11 of 26

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Which system provides movement for the body?
The system.

Explanation

Question 12 of 26

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Which system is responsible for the continuation of the human race?
The system.

Explanation

Question 13 of 26

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Name four types of tissue: (in alphabetical order)
1. tissue
2. tissue
3. tissue
4. tissue

Explanation

Question 14 of 26

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Muscles are made of tissue.
Nerves are made of tissue.
Outer layers of the skin, the lining of the alimentary canal and the lining of blood vessels are made of tissue.
Bones, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, fat, blood, and lymph are made of tissue.

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    muscle
    nerve
    epithelial
    connective

Explanation

Question 15 of 26

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Four types of tissue fluids are: (in alphabetical order)
,
cerebro- fluid,
interstitial fluid,
and .

Explanation

Question 16 of 26

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Name four types of membranes. (in alphabetical order)
1. membrane
2. membrane
3. membrane
4. synovial membrane

Explanation

Question 17 of 26

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The lining of the chest cavity and the lining of the abdominal cavity has membrane.
The lining of the throat, mouth, and nose is membrane.
The skin is membrane.
The linings of joint cavities has membrane.

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    serous
    mucous
    cutaneous
    synovial

Explanation

Question 18 of 26

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How do the circulatory, respiratory, digestive, and excretory systems work together to supply nutrients to the body's cells and to remove waste products?
The ( respiratory, circulatory ) system and ( excretory, digestive ) system provide the body with oxygen and nutrients.
The ( circulatory, respiratory ) system transports oxygen and nutrients to body cells and carries away waste products.
The ( digestive, respiratory ) system expels carbon dioxide, a gaseous waste product, from the body.
The ( excretory, circulatory ) system removes other waste products from the body.

Explanation

Question 19 of 26

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The immune system is important because it the body against disease-causing organisms such as and .

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Question 20 of 26

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The skin is very important because it provides with the outside world through receptors and the body from its surroundings.

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Question 21 of 26

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How do the skeletal and muscular systems work together to allow movement?
The system gives support and to the body and provides attachment points for .
The system moves the body by pulling on .

Explanation

Question 22 of 26

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List five to eleven important organs (in alphabetical order) once thought to be vestigial (having become functionless in the course of evolution.)
1.
2. coccyx (tailbone)
3. cuspid (canine teeth)
4. parathyroid gland
5. gland
6. pituitary gland
7. third molar ( teeth)
8. thymus
9. thyroid
10.
11. "yolk sac" of embryo

Explanation

Question 23 of 26

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The contains much lymphatic tissue, which probably helps to protect the body against infection, especially in the early years of life.
The produces hormones that are important in the growth an development of the body; regulates the amount of calcium in the blood; and its primary responsibility is to regulate metabolic rate.
The produce hormones that regulate the amount of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate ions in the blood.
The is the 'master gland' of the body. It regulates growth of the body and other bodily functions.

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    appendix
    thyroid gland
    parathyroid glands
    pituitary gland

Explanation

Question 24 of 26

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The ( pineal, thymus ) gland produces the hormone melatonin, which regulates cycles of sleep and wakefulness.
Muscles attached to the ( coccyx, radius, femur ) (tailbone) allow us to stand in an upright position. These ( tendons, muscles ) also aid in the elimination of wastes.
( Thymus, Tonsils ) help promote good health by destroying harmful bacteria.
The ( thymus, tonsil ) serves as the center where T cells (white blood cells that help fight bacteria and viruses) mature and are "trained".

Explanation

Question 25 of 26

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The ( third, second ) molars (wisdom teeth) provide a surface to grind food into tiny bits to prepare it for proper digestion.
The ( incisors, cuspids ) (canine teeth) tear large pieces of food into smaller pieces.
The "yolk sac" of the embryo serves as an early source of ( nutrients, nerves ) and blood cells; it contains cells that later turn into part of the embryo's developing reproductive system and GI tract.

Explanation

Question 26 of 26

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Why are there few positive feedback mechanisms in the body?
Generally, maintaining homeostasis requires the effects of changes in the body; in contrast, a positive feedback mechanism maintains or the effects of a change.

Explanation