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Lecture 2 from Wildlife Medicine at VMRCVM, class of 2016.

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Raptor Medicine

Question 1 of 13

1

Which of the following are concerns when rehabilitating raptors?

Select one of the following:

  • Proper identification of the patient, including species, general age (juvenile vs adult), and sex.

  • The protection or endangered status of the bird in question.

  • Ensuring proper nutrition and food.

  • All of these are concerns when rehabilitating raptors.

Explanation

Question 2 of 13

1

Which of the following is true about falconiformes? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • This taxonomy includes hawks, vultures, and eagles.

  • This taxonomy includes all species of owls.

  • Members of this group are generally diurnal.

  • Members of this group are generally nocturnal.

  • Males tend to be larger.

  • Females tend to be larger.

  • Ceca are well-developed.

  • Ceca are vestigial.

Explanation

Question 3 of 13

1

The northern harrier and the kestrel are two examples of sexually dimorphic Strigiformes.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 4 of 13

1

When handling and restraining raptors

Select one of the following:

  • You should always control the feet before the head, unless you're dealing with a vulture.

  • You don't need to worry about the primary or the tail feathers.

  • You should always control the head before the feet.

  • You should lay them on their back, because this produces a sedative-like effect

Explanation

Question 5 of 13

1

Live food is recommended for raptors in rehabilitation.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 6 of 13

1

Which of the following is an appropriate diet for a raptor in rehabilitation? Select all that apply

Select one or more of the following:

  • Whole (dead) prey.

  • Deboned prey.

  • Live prey.

  • A commercial diet.

  • Frozen fish.

Explanation

Question 7 of 13

1

Lead toxicosis is a concern for gunshot patients.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 8 of 13

1

Head and eye injury secondary to hit-by-cars are often

Select one of the following:

  • Not a concern.

  • Contralateral.

  • Ipsilateral.

  • Seen more in owls and nocturnal strigiformes than in falconiformes.

  • Seen more in eagles and diurnal falconiformes than in strigiformes.

Explanation

Question 9 of 13

1

Expected clinical signs following electrocution might include: (Select all that apply)

Select one or more of the following:

  • Local ischemia

  • Shock

  • Arrhythmia

  • Self-mutilation

  • Tissue necrosis

  • Muscle convulsions

Explanation

Question 10 of 13

1

Pododermatitis most often develops

Select one of the following:

  • In wild birds sitting on contaminated tree branches.

  • Following wounds received from biting prey.

  • In captive birds.

  • All of these are good options.

Explanation

Question 11 of 13

1

Your current patient is a kestrel belonging to a falconer from northern Virginia. She has presented for acute weakness and anorexia, and you've identified eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in the hepatocytes of this bird. What will you recommend to her owner?

Select one of the following:

  • Euthanasia.

  • Quarantine, administer fluid therapy, and educate the owner on managing this bird's living space.

  • Amphotericine B, itaconazole, or other anti-fungals.

  • Broad-spectrum antibiotics while you run a susceptibility and culture.

Explanation

Question 12 of 13

1

Of the infectious raptor diseases covered in lecture 2, which are zoonotic? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Avian tuberculosis

  • Raptor herpesvirus

  • Aspergillosis

  • Candidiasis

Explanation

Question 13 of 13

1

A captive eagle presents with oral plaque formation. What are some of your differentials? Select all that apply.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Raptor herpesvirus

  • Aspergillosis

  • Candidiasis

  • Serratospiculinum infection

  • Trichomoniasis

Explanation