The changing image of women during the 1920s was symbolized by the
passage of an equal pay act
drafting of women into the army
popularity of the flappers and their style of dress
appointment of several women to President Calvin Coolidge’s cabinet
The Scopes Trial of 1925 is an example of
the effects of assimilation on American culture
a clash between scientific ideas and religious beliefs
an increase in violence in American society
government intervention in racial conflicts
During the 1920s, controversies concerning the Scopes trial, national Prohibition, and the behavior of “flappers” were all signs of disagreements over
the return to normalcy
traditional values and changing lifestyles
causes of the Great Depression
the benefits of new technolog
Which statement about Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program is most accurate?
Protective tariff rates increased.
Social welfare programs were expanded.
Government regulation of business was reduced.
Government support of environmental conservation ended.
The New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the United States economy by
restoring the principal of a balanced budget
expanding the trustbusting practices of Progressive Era presidents
encouraging greater production of agricultural goods
increasing government involvement with both business and labor
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), established during the New Deal, were important because they
increased the supply of money in circulation
guaranteed loans to failing businesses and banks
attempted to restore public confidence in financial institutions
provided grants to unemployed workers
New Deal programs such as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) were primarily intended to help
The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 strengthened labor unions because it legalized
the open shop
the sit-down strike
The strongest opposition to President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs came from
The Supreme Court declared some New Deal laws unconstitutional because these laws
overextended the power of the federal government
forced the federal government into heavy debt
ignored the rights of minority groups and women
failed to solve the problems for which they were intended
Congress refused to enact President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s court-packing plan because the plan
threatened to upset the constitutional system of checks and balances
entrusted too much power to the judicial branch
called for an increase in income taxes
required passage of a constitutional amendment
At the beginning of World War II, national debate focused on whether the United States should continue the policy of
“Arms Sales to Warring Nations Banned”
“Loans to Nations at War Forbidden”
“War Materials Sold Only on Cash-and-Carry Basis”
These headlines from the 1930s reflect the efforts of the United States to
maintain freedom of the seas
send military supplies to the League of Nations
limit the spread of international communism
avoid participation in European wars
Between 1934 and 1937, Congress passed a series of neutrality acts that were designed primarily to
strengthen the nation’s military defenses
provide aid to other democratic nations
create jobs for unemployed American workers
avoid mistakes that had led to American involvement in World War I
Why was the United States called the “arsenal of democracy” in 1940?
The leaders in the democratic nations of Europe were educated in the United States.
Most of the battles to defend worldwide democracy took place on American soil.
The United States supervised elections in European nations before the war.
The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.
• Cash and Carry (1937)
• Destroyers for Naval Bases Deal (1940)
• Lend-Lease Act (1941)
Which change in United States foreign policy is demonstrated by the passage of these acts prior to World War II?
a shift from neutrality toward more direct involvement
an effort to become more neutral
a movement from isolationism to containment of communism
a desire to provide aid to both Allied and Axis powers
Which statement most accurately describes the foreign policy change made by the United States between the start of World War II (1939) and the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)?
The traditional isolationism of the United States was strengthened.
The nation shifted from neutrality to military support for the Allies.
War was declared on Germany but not on Japan.
Financial aid was offered to both the Allied and Axis powers.
Shortly after entering World War II, the United States began the Manhattan Project to
work on the development of an atomic bomb
increase economic production to meet wartime demands
defend New York City against a nuclear attack
recruit men for the military services
Base your answer to the question on the poster to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
During World War II, this poster was used primarily to
contain the spread of communism
create jobs for the unemployed
gain financial support for the war
convince women to fill vacant factory jobs
A controversial issue that resulted from World War II was the
future role of the League of Nations
morality of nuclear warfare
commitment of troops without congressional approval
civilian control of the military
Convictions of war criminals by courts at Tokyo and Nuremberg following World War II showed that
government officials and military leaders could be held accountable for their actions
the United Nations accepted responsibility for international peacekeeping
the League of Nations could successfully enforce international law
nations that start wars would be forced to rebuild war-torn nations
During World War II, the federal government used rationing to
hold down prices of military weapons
increase educational benefits for veterans
increase imports of scarce products
provide more resources for the military
During World War II, many women experienced a change in role in that they
served in military combat positions
worked in jobs formerly held by men
controlled most corporations
chaired several congressional committees
In the 1944 case Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that wartime conditions justified the
use of women in military combat
ban against strikes by workers
limitations placed on civil liberties
reduction in the powers of the president
Which factor contributed to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II?
labor shortage during the war
influence of racial prejudice
increase of terrorist activities on the West Coast
fear of loss of jobs to Japanese workers
To help pay for World War II, the United States government relied heavily on the
money borrowed from foreign governments
sale of war bonds
sale of United States manufactured goods to neutral nations
printing of additional paper money
What was the main purpose of the GI Bill passed by Congress shortly before the end of World War II?
to offer low-interest loans to the defense industry
to provide economic aid to veterans
to contain the spread of international communism
to expand career opportunities in the military
The baby boom primarily resulted from the
economic prosperity of the 1920s
Great Depression of the 1930s
delay in marriages during World War II
counterculture movement of the 1960s
The experiences of African Americans serving in the military forces during World War II influenced their postwar decision to
renew support for the principle of separate but equal
join the armed forces in record numbers
increase efforts to end racial discrimination
move back to the rural south
What was one result of World War II?
The arms race ended.
The Cold War ended.
Communism was eliminated.
Two superpowers emerged.
“Soviets Create Iron Curtain in Eastern Europe”
“Mao Zedong Leads Successful Revolution in China”
“North Korean Invasion of South Korea Leads to War”
Which development is reflected in these headlines?
the post–World War II expansion of communism
the beginning of détente between the Soviet Union and the United States
the return to an isolationist foreign policy
the beginning of pro-democracy movements during the Cold War
During the Cold War era, the United States and the Soviet Union were hesitant to become involved in direct military conflict mainly because of
the threat of China to both nations
pressure from nonaligned nations
the potential for global nuclear destruction
mutual dependence on Middle East petroleum
The primary goal of the United States foreign policy of containment was to
return to noninvolvement in world affairs
stop communist influence from spreading
gain territories in Africa and Latin America
overthrow existing dictatorships
Which foreign policy decision by President Harry Truman is an example of the policy of containment?
relieving General MacArthur of his Korean command
recognizing the new nation of Israel
supporting the trials of war criminals in Germany and Japan
providing military aid to Greece and Turkey
The main foreign policy objective of the Marshall Plan (1948–1952) was to
stop communist aggression in Korea
fight poverty in Latin America
rebuild the economies of European nations
provide jobs for unemployed Americans
Base your answer to the question on the cartoon to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
The United States carried out the idea expressed in this late 1940s cartoon by
forming a military alliance with Russia
airlifting supplies to West Berlin
accepting Russian authority over West Berlin
agreeing to turn over control of Berlin to the United Nations
What was a major outcome of the Korean War (1950–1953)?
Korea continued to be a divided nation.
North Korea became an ally of the United States.
South Korea became a communist nation.
Control of Korea was turned over to the United Nations.
In the 1950s, the domino theory was used by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to justify
sending federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas
United States involvement in Vietnam
joining the United Nations
opposing Britain and France in the Suez Canal crisis