How did the Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) have a major impact on the lives of African Americans?
segregation was legal in educational institutions
voting was a right guaranteed by the Constitution
separate but equal public facilities were legal
military occupation of the South was unconstitutional
Base your answer to the question on the poem below and your knowledge of social studies
One Way Ticket
I am fed up With Jim Crow laws,
People who are cruel and afraid,
Who lynch and run, who are scared of me
And me of them. I pick up my life
And take it away on a one-way ticket
Gone Up North Gone Out West
-Langston Hughes, 1926
Why does the author state that he has “Gone”?
jobs were available in northern industries
there was no racial prejudice in the West
farmland was more available in the North
racial discrimination drove him away
Which leader founded a vocational training institution in the late 1800s to improve economic opportunities for African Americans?
George Washington Carver
W. E. B. Du Bois
Booker T. Washington
What was one idea that both Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois supported?
African Americans should have increased civil rights
vocational training was the best approach to education
immigration was responsible for racial segregation
Jim Crow laws were needed to help African Americans
In the early 20th century, which policy for the advancement of African American was favored by W. E. B. Du Bois and the newly formed National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)?
mass migration to northern cities
immediate action to end segregation and win equal rights
establishment of a new republic in Africa for freedmen
emphasis on economic advancement over social equality
In which area did the views of Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois differ most?
the need to stop violence against African Americans
the speed with which full equality of the races should be achieved
the need to integrate the armed forces
the idea of including white Americans in their political organizations
A significant contribution to the industrialization of the United States was Henry Ford’s development of
the assembly line
the first holding company
a new process for making steel
Henry Ford produced a more affordable car primarily because his company
paid workers lower wages than its competitors paid
used foreign-made parts
developed a less expensive method of production
offered a variety of options to buyers
Improved mass-production techniques affected the American economy of the 1920s by
reducing prices of consumer goods
lowering the quality of most products
causing higher unemployment
decreasing the quantity of manufactured products
At the beginning of World War I, President Woodrow Wilson followed a traditional United States foreign policy by
refusing to permit trade with either side in the conflict
sending troops to Great Britain
declaring American neutrality
requesting an immediate declaration of war against the aggressors
In the years before the United States entered World War I, President Woodrow Wilson violated his position of strict neutrality by
secretly sending troops to fight for the democratic nations
openly encouraging Mexico to send troops to support the Allies
supporting economic policies that favored the Allied nations
using United States warships to attack German submarines
During his reelection campaign in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson used the slogan, “He kept us out of war.” In April of 1917, Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany. What helped bring about this change?
Bolshevik forces increased their strength in Germany and Italy
Britain was invaded by nations of the Central Powers.
Russia signed a treaty of alliance with the Central Powers.
Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare.
A major reason the United States entered World War I was to
gain additional colonial possessions
react to the bombing of Pearl Harbor
safeguard freedom of the seas for United States ships
honor prewar commitments to its military allies
President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points were proposed during World War I primarily to
define postwar objectives for the United States
outline military strategies for the United States
convince other democratic nations to join the United Nations
strengthen the United States policy of isolationism
One goal for a lasting peace that President Woodrow Wilson included in his Fourteen Points was
establishing a League of Nations
maintaining a permanent military force in Europe
returning the United States to a policy of isolationism
blaming Germany for causing World War I
Following World War I, the United States Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles primarily because the treaty
failed to include most of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points
did not punish Germany for starting the war
contained provisions that might lead the United States into foreign conflicts
made no provision for reduction of military weapons
The change in the nation’s attitude toward membership in the League of Nations and membership in the United Nations shows the contrast between
neutrality and containment
appeasement and internationalism
isolationism and involvement
interventionism and détente
During World War I, many American women helped gain support for the suffrage movement by
protesting against the war
joining the military service
lobbying for child-care facilities
working in wartime industries
The “clear and present danger” doctrine stated by the Supreme Court in the case of Schenck v. United States (1919) had an important impact on the Bill of Rights because it
limited the powers of the president
placed limits on freedom of speech
clarified standards for a fair trial
expanded the rights of persons accused of crimes
Base your answer to the question on the graph to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
Data from this graph support the conclusion that World War I
caused the United States trade deficit to increase
cost the United States many billions of dollars
was a significant benefit to the American economy
created an unfavorable balance of trade
The Palmer raids following World War I were caused by fear of
new military weapons
foreign invasion of the United States
communist influence in the United States
The treaty signed at the Washington Conference (1921-1922) was an effort to
limit the spread of military dictatorships
maintain peace through international agreements
form new military alliances after World War I
bring democratic government to Eastern Europe
The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in the 1920s was accompanied by
nativists fears of foreign influence in the United States
concern that the United States would sink into a depression
public reactions against organized crime
a grassroots movement to gain equal rights for minorities
Which factor contributed most to the growth of nativist’s attitudes in the United States in the years immediately following World War I?
the establishment of national Prohibition
a decline of organized religions
the increase in the number of settlement houses
the large numbers of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe
What was a principle reason for rapid economic growth in the United States during the 1920s?
prosperity of American agriculture
increase of American imports
development of many new consumer goods
increased spending on defense
Improved mass-production techniques affected the American economy of the 1920s by
decreasing the quantity manufactured products
Which situation helped cause the stock market crash of 1929?
excessive speculation and buying on margin
unwillingness of people to invest in new industries
increased government spending
too much government regulation of business
Which economic trend of the 1920s helped cause the Great Depression?
rising cost of mass-produced goods
increasing income tax rates
falling tariff rates
widening income gap between the rich and the poor
Base your answer to the question on the map to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
What was the most likely cause of the election results shown on the map?
Most voters blamed President Herbert Hoover for the Great Depression.
It is difficult to defeat an incumbent president.
Franklin D. Roosevelt had more business experience than Herbert Hoover.
Republican Party popularity had been declining for several elections.
Which group of Americans generally failed to experience the economic prosperity of the 1920s?
Which statement most accurately describes conditions of American farmers during the economic boom of the mid-1920s?
Shortages of fertile land and farm equipment lowered farm income.
Overproduction helped keep farmers from participating in the prosperity of the times.
Subsidies and other government programs dramatically increased farmers’ incomes.
Higher prices for farm products resulted in a higher standard of living for farmers.
What were two basic causes of the Dust Bowl during the early 1930s?
strip mining and toxic waste dumping
over-farming and severe drought
clear-cutting of forests and construction of railroads
overproduction and urban sprawl
Which conditions are most characteristic of an economic depression?
high unemployment and overproduction
large business investments and low taxes
too much money in circulation and high stock prices
high employment and increased real estate investments
During the Great Depression, expressions such as Hoovervilles and Hoover blankets showed that President Hoover
was seen as a role model
used the military to aid the unemployed
was blamed for the suffering of the poor
supported relief and public housing for the needy
In the 1920’s, both Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington made major contributions to
the creative arts
The Harlem Renaissance was important to American society because it
highlighted the cultural achievements of African Americans
isolated African Americans from mainstream society
provided new political opportunities for African Americans
brought an end to racial segregation in the North
Which generalization can best be drawn from the experiment with national Prohibition (1919– 1933)?
Social attitudes can make laws difficult to enforce.
Americans resent higher taxes.
Morality can be legislated successfully.
People will sacrifice willingly for the common good.
What was a major result of Prohibition in the United States during the 1920s?
restriction of immigration
growth of communism
destruction of family values
increase in organized crime