Base your answers to question on the cartoon on the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
What is the main idea of this cartoon from the Reconstruction Era?
Southern society was oppressed by Radical Republican policies.
Military force was necessary to stop Southern secession.
United States soldiers forced women in the South to work in factories.
Sharecropping was an economic burden for women after the Civil War.
Base your answers to question on the cartoon on the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
Which congressional action led to the Southern viewpoint expressed in this cartoon?
passage of the Homestead Act
strengthening of the Fugitive Slave Laws
military occupation of the former Confederate States
ending the Freedmen’s Bureau
Which statement best explains why Reconstruction ended?
Reconstruction policies were no longer needed when the Southern states rejoined the Union
African Americans prospered financially.
Reconstruction was intended to be a short term event that would end in 10 years.
Enforcement of Reconstruction Acts decreased because of political compromise.
What effect did the system of sharecropping have on the South after the Civil War?
It kept formerly enslaved persons economically dependent.
It brought investment capital to the South.
It encouraged Northerners to migrate south.
It provided for a fairer distribution of farm profits.
Following the Civil War, many Southern states enacted Black Codes to
provide free farmland for African Americans
guarantee equal civil rights for African Americans
restrict the rights of formerly enslaved persons
support the creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau
What was a major result of the Civil War?
States now had the right to secede from the Union.
Congress passed an amendment to provide for the direct election of senators.
The power of the central government was strengthened.
The judiciary became the dominant branch of the federal government.
Constitutional amendments adopted during Reconstruction were intended to
provide legal and political rights for African Americans
end property and religious qualifications for voting
correct problems with the Electoral College system
limit the number of terms of the president
The institution of slavery was formally abolished in the United States by the
Compromise of 1850
Emancipation Proclamation of 1863
creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865
ratification of the 13th amendment in 1865
In the mid-1800s, the growth of the populations of California and the western territories was mainly a result of the
discovery of gold and silver
opening of the Panama Canal
migration of freedmen after the Civil War
secession of the Southern states
The Homestead Act of 1862 helped the development of the West by
providing free land to settlers
granting land for construction of transcontinental railroads
allowing slavery to spread to the territories
placing Native American Indians on reservations
In the late 19th century, the federal government aided the growth of transcontinental railroads by
legalizing rate rebates for large shippers
providing free land for laying railroad tracks
requiring standard-gauge tracks on all interstate lines
forcing small lines to consolidate into large systems
In an effort to resolve conflicts with the frontier settlers in the 1870s, the federal government forced Native American Indians to
move west of the Mississippi River
live on reservations with definite boundaries
relocate to urban industrial centers
help build the transcontinental railroad
Passage of the Dawes Act of 1887 affected Native American Indians by
supporting their cultural traditions
attempting to assimilate them into mainstream American culture
forcing their removal from areas east of the Mississippi River
starting a series of Indian wars on the Great Plains
What was a major effect of the Agricultural Revolution in the United States during the late 1800s?
Unemployed factory workers could find jobs in agriculture.
Food supplies were increased to feed urban dwellers.
The size of farms decreased.
United States farm exports decreased.
The changes in American agriculture during the late 1800s led farmers to
grow fewer cash crops for export
request an end to agricultural tariffs
demand a reduced role for government in agriculture
become more dependent on banks and railroads
A goal of the Granger and Populist movements was to
expand rights for African Americans
help western farmers fight unjust economic practices
provide support for the banking industry
enable big business to expand without government interference
In the late 1800s, the Granger movement tried to improve conditions for farmers by
lowering the rate of inflation
strengthening the gold standard
forcing railroads to lower their rates
making labor unions stronger
The success of the Populist Party of the 1890s can best be measured by which development?
The party replaced one of the two major parties.
The party gained support among business leaders.
Two of the party’s candidates were elected to the presidency.
Several of the party’s proposed reforms were made into laws.
During the late 1800s, many farmers supported the idea that free and unlimited coinage of silver would
end farm subsidies
help farmers to repay their loans
lead to lower prices for consumer goods
decrease prices for farmland
Base your answer to the question on the cartoon to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
This cartoon from the 1896 presidential election campaign attacked William Jennings Bryan’s proposal for
free coinage of silver
lower tariffs on farm goods
government regulation of the railroads
What major trend related to population occurred during the industrialization boom of the late 1800s?
Migration to rural areas increased.
In the last half of the 1800s, which development led to the other three?
expansion of the middle class
growth of industrialization
formation of trusts
creation of labor unions
Which major population shift in the late 1800s occurred as a result of industrialization?
northerners to the Sun Belt
rural residents to urban areas
working class people from the cities to the suburbs
African Americans from the North to the South
Why did the United States follow a policy of open immigration during much of the 1800s?
Many United States citizens wanted to live abroad.
The United States had a shortage of labor.
Prosperous conditions in Europe resulted in fewer immigrants coming to the United States.
Immigrants provided United States industry with investment capital.
The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily from
southern and eastern Europe
northern and western Europe
Which action by the federal government during the late 1800s is an example of nativism? (5.01)
passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act
creation of tribal reservations in the East
grants of financial aid to western farmers
support for the construction of transcontinental Railroads
The growth of big business in the late 1800s resulted in
a reduction in child labor
the elimination of the middle class
the widening of the economic gap between rich and poor
a shift in transportation investment from railroads to canals
During the late 1800s, business leaders formed trusts mainly to
improve worker productivity
establish overseas factories
Base your answer to question on the cartoon on the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
Which economic concept is best illustrated by the cartoon?
supply and demand
Base your answer to questions 67 and 68 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
What is the main idea of this cartoon?
The Standard Oil Company was a harmful monopoly.
The best way to develop major industries was to form proprietorships.
Government regulations were strangling the Standard Oil Company.
Foreign competition in the oil industry was hurting American companies.
Base your answers to the question on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
“. . . This, then, is held to be the duty of the man of Wealth: First, to set an example of modest, unostentatious living, shunning display or extravagance; to provide moderately for the legitimate wants of those dependent upon him; and after doing so to consider all surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer, and strictly bound as a matter of duty to administer in the manner which, in his judgment, is best calculated to produce the most beneficial results for the community— . . .”
— Andrew Carnegie, “Wealth,” North American Review, June 1889
According to this passage, the responsibility of the wealthy is to
invest in future industry to increase wealth
share their excess wealth with the community
maintain a lifestyle consistent with their wealth
influence government to assist all people
Andrew Carnegie carried out the ideas expressed in this statement by
funding numerous libraries and educational institutions
serving many years in the federal government
investing his fortune in several new industries
promoting programs to benefit the wealthy
Business leaders John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, and Cornelius Vanderbilt were referred to as robber barons primarily because they
bought titles of nobility from foreign governments
were ruthless in dealing with competitors
stole money from state and local governments
gained all of their wealth by illegal means
During the late 1800s, the defenders of Social Darwinism would most likely have supported
progressive income taxes
What was the main benefit that labor unions of the late 19th century gained for their members?
improved wages and hours
During the late 1800s, what was the main reason labor unions had difficulty achieving gains for workers?
Communists had taken control of the major unions.
The government supported business efforts to limit the powers of unions.
Most unions had been organized by big business.
Most workers were satisfied with working conditions.
Base your answers to the question on the cartoon on the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
What is the main idea of this cartoon from the 1800s?
Labor is gaining power over big business.
Most Americans support the labor movement.
Business has advantages over labor.
Government should support the expansion of railroads.
The American Federation of Labor responded to the situation shown in the cartoon by
organizing skilled workers into unions
encouraging open immigration
forming worker-owned businesses
creating a single union of workers and farmers