It was a condition of peace that Germany got rid of the Kaiser, however he refused to abdicate.
How did the Germans get rid of the Kaiser? (3 correct answers)
All the mutinies led to strikes and demonstrations against the war and the Kaiser all over Germany, so soldier's and worker's councils had taken over some cities. Many were looking to only end the war, however a few wanted a total revolution like the Bolshevik Revolution.
Social Democrats sent an ultimatum to the Kaiser that unless he abdicated they would join the revolution.
One of the Social Democrats announced the abdication of the Kaiser (this had not been agreed upon) and so the Kaiser fled to Holland.
The Social Democrats blackmailed Kaiser Wilhelm with a mistress that they would announce to Germany if he did not abdicate.
What were the two main political parties that could control Germany, and their leaders?
The Spartacists, led by Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht.
The Social Democrats, led by Friedrich Ebert.
The Socialists, led by Heinrich Vogel.
The Spartacist Uprising: On which night did the Spartacist Uprising occur?
18th May 1919
22nd October 1918
5th January 1919
The conditions of the Treaty of Versailles were: the War Guilt Clause, Military Restrictions, Reparations and the loss of one of their territories, Alsace-Lorraine.
The strengths of the Weimar Constitution were: all Germans had equal rights and there was proportional representation which was fair.
The cause of the hyper-inflation of 1923 is the German government did not have enough money to pay for the passive resistance of the Ruhr, so it printed more money. When a government prints money it doesn't have, the value of money goes down.
What year did Germany join the League of Nations?
What was one of the political problems up to 1930 regarding the number of seats in the Reichstag?
The Social Democrats always won the majority of seats, however never enough to govern on their own, so there was only ever coalitions (this meant a weak government and no important decisions made).
The Spartacists had the majority of the seats in the Reichstag, however they weren't able to carry out their left-wing ideals due to the coalition, as the Social Democrats had the vote to reject any important decisions.
The Dawes Plan was dependant on British loans, which could stop at any time.
What effect did the release of the pre-war censorship have on the culture in Germany?
No one knew what to watch or listen to, therefore everyone was offended by the material they hadn't been allowed to witness.
There were significant develops in culture, and during the 1920s Berlin rivalled Paris as the cultural centre of Europe.