Who were the progressives?
Mostly middle-class female urban dwellers
Mostly aristocratic male urban dwellers
Mostly middle-class male farmers
What were some goals of the progressives? Check all that apply.
Human intervention in social & economic affairs
To regulate and/or break up trusts
To create more trusts
To create longer working hours
Who were the Muckrakers?
Journalists who exposed the evils and corruption of society through exploitative and dramatic writing
Journalists who wrote short pamphlets about how farmers were losing their freedom
Farmers who circulated journalism in their local communities
What was the social gospel?
Powerful Protestant movement whose main desire was to improve conditions in the cities
Powerful Catholic movement whose main desire was to improve conditions in the cities
Powerful Protestant movement whose main desire was to improve technology for rural farmers
What types of demographics did settlement houses help, and how?
They helped immigrants, women and children adjust to American life
They helped women in their crusade for suffrage
They helped poor people, but not immigrants find suitable housing
What profession did settlement houses inspire?
What were some new reforms for professions? Check all that apply.
American Medical Association (AMA) which put up rigid standards for who could practice medicine
State-established bar associations so that only those who passed an exam could become a lawyer
National Farm Bureau Federation
Knights of Labor
Federation of Female Laborers
What were the 3 most common professions for (middle class) women during the progressive era?
Settlement houses, teaching, social work
Business administrators, typists, secretaries
Engineers, mechanics, designers
What were the 3 most female-dominated reform movements?
Settlement houses, temperance, and suffrage
Labor reform, profession reform, policy reform
Suffrage, temperance, and profession reform
What were women's clubs and why were they significant?
They were organizations where women could meet, and they helped pass child labor laws and prohibition laws
They were organizations that opposed women in the progressive movement and believed in reverting back to traditional Republican motherhood
They were organization where women could meet, and they attempted to revoke previously passed child labor laws
What specific claim allowed the women's suffrage movement to gain more momentum?
When suffragists argued that the "separate spheres" would remain
When suffragists argued that the "separate spheres" would be abolished
When suffragists handed the control of their movement to men
What was initiative, and what was referendum?
Initiative was when voters could propose legislation, referendum was when the final approval of laws could be approved by voters
Initiative was when the final approval of laws could be approved by voters, referendum was when voters could propose legislation
Initiative was when voters could propose the final approval of laws, referendum was when laws could be approved by voters
What was the Secret Australian Ballot and why was it significant?
A process in which no one could see who a voter voted for, so it eliminated voter fraud
A process in which voting was public and everyone could see who the person next to them voted for, so it eliminated voter fraud
A process in which groups went and secretly stuffed ballot boxes to ensure certain victories, so it increased voter fraud
What does the Seventeenth Amendment guarantee?
Direct election of US Senators by citizens, not state legislatures
Direct election of US Senators by state legislatures, not citizens
The removal of the Senate from the bicameral legislature
What were some reforms introduced by Wisconsin Governor/Senator Robert La Follette? Check all that apply.
Income taxes on inheritances
Initiatives and referendums
Regulations on railroads and industries
Income taxes on furniture
Women's suffrage in the state of Wisconsin
What was a major factor in the decline in voter turnout between 1900 and 1920?
Declining influence of party bosses
Rising influence of party bosses
The elimination of party bosses altogether
What is the significance of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire?
The majority of deaths were women and young girls, most of which were immigrants
The majority of deaths were young boys, most of which were not immigrants
The majority of deaths were men, most of which were immigrants
What were some things that W.E.B. DuBois believed/did that differed from the ideas of Booker T. Washington?
Black people should not try to assimilate and conform to white society
Black people should have full access to education, not just at black colleges
Formed the Niagara Movement which later merged into the NAACP
Formed the Seneca Movement which later merged into the NAACP
Black people should not run for governmental office
What was a large women's temperance organization, and what did they believe?
The Women's Christian Temperance Union, who believed that drunkenness caused spousal abuse and industrial inefficiency
The Men's Christian Temperance Union, who believed that drunkenness caused spousal abuse and industrial inefficiency
The Women's Jewish Temperance Union, who believed that drunkenness cause spousal abuse and industrial inefficiency
What did the Eighteenth Amendment ban?
The production and sale of alcohol
The production and sale of tobacco
The production and sale of sugar
Who was the first person to run for president from the American Socialist Party?
Eugene V. Debs
What was the nickname of the International Workers of the World, and what were they known for?
They were nicknamed the Wobblies, and were known for striking very often
They were nicknamed the Wibblies, and were known for being very content in their jobs and never striking
They were nicknamed the Wigglies, and were known for openly killing workers on strike
What was considered to be the greatest threat to national economy?
Excessive centralized corporate power
Excessive decentralized corporate power
Excessive widely spread agrarian power
What did the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th Amendments decree respectively?
Graduated income tax, direct election of senators, prohibition of alcohol, women's suffrage
Women's suffrage, graduated income tax, direct election of senators, prohibition of alcohol
Direct election of senators, graduated income tax, prohibition of alcohol, women's suffrage
What were some problems that people thought immigration restriction would solve? Check all that apply.
The Gold Standard