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A quiz on Unit 2 sociology, on sociological research methods.

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Sociological Research Methods

Question 1 of 24

3

What are the advantages of a questionnaire?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Quick and cheap

  • Interviewee doesn't need to remain anonymous

  • They are reliable

  • More representative

Explanation

Question 2 of 24

2

What are the disadvantages of a questionnaire?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Can't be used for testing hypothesis

  • Give picture of reality at just one time

  • Can't be sure whether the questionnaire was recieved

  • Can't be processed easily by a computer

Explanation

Question 3 of 24

1

Who favors questionnaires?

Select one of the following:

  • Interpretivists

  • Positivists

Explanation

Question 4 of 24

3

What are the advantages of statistics?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Free

  • Show trends and patterns over time

  • Not biased as they are produced by the government

  • They are representative

  • Always valid

Explanation

Question 5 of 24

3

What are the disadvantages of statistics?

Select one or more of the following:

  • State may have different definitions/views

  • Small-scale studies are less representative

  • Not quick to compile

  • Not always reliable

Explanation

Question 6 of 24

1

Who favors statistics?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Positivists

  • Interpretivists

Explanation

Question 7 of 24

4

What are the advantages of experiments?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Lab) Can study small areas

  • (Lab) No need for informed consent

  • (Lab) They are reliable

  • (Field) Can experiment a broader spectrum

  • (Field) In school, education isn't held back

  • (Field) Some can be repeated

Explanation

Question 8 of 24

4

What are the disadvantages of experiments?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Lab) Difficult to investigate on a large scale

  • (Lab) Not very representative

  • (Field) In school, no two schools are the same and experiments are harder to repeat

  • (Field) Pupils can be deceived f unaware of the experiment

Explanation

Question 9 of 24

2

Who favors experiments?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Lab) Positivists

  • (Lab) Interpretivists

  • (Field) Positivists

  • (Field) Interpretivists

Explanation

Question 10 of 24

2

What are the advantages of documents?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Public) Free and easy to access

  • (Public and Personal) Always reliable

  • (Personal) Easy to obtain

Explanation

Question 11 of 24

3

What are the disadvantages of documents?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Personal) Might have to pay to obtain them

  • (Personal) Confidentiality and informed consent with letters, diaries, etc

  • (Public and Personal) Doesn't always portray how everyone feels about the situation at hand (more historical)

Explanation

Question 12 of 24

1

Who favors documents?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Interpretivists

  • Positivists

Explanation

Question 13 of 24

4

What are the advantages of interviews?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Structured) Less training as interviewers have to follow a set list of questions

  • (Structured) Can cover a lot of people

  • (Structured) Reliable

  • (Unstructured) Gain trust and unterstanding with interviewee

  • (Unstructured) No ethical issues

  • (Unstructured) Flexible

Explanation

Question 14 of 24

5

What are the disadvantages of interviews?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Structured) Cost more than questionnaires

  • (Structured) Interviewee may feel under pressure to answer questions

  • (Structured) Not very valid

  • (Unstructured) Need informed consent and ensure anonymity

  • (Unstructured) Not very representative

Explanation

Question 15 of 24

2

Who favors interviews?

Select one or more of the following:

  • (Structured) Interpretivists

  • (Structured) Positivists

  • (Unstructured) Interpretivists

  • (Unstructured) Positivists

Explanation

Question 16 of 24

3

What are the advantages of observations?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Can be the only method for researching important areas of interest

  • Researcher doesn't need to be trained

  • They are valid

  • Can gain an insight in to how people live, verstehen (empathy)

  • Doesn't take a long amount of time

Explanation

Question 17 of 24

3

What are the disadvantages of observations?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Not valid/Hawthorne Effect

  • New areas can't be looked in to freely

  • Taking part in illegal activities can be dangerous and lead to more trouble

  • Personal characteristics can affect study

Explanation

Question 18 of 24

1

Who favors observations?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Positivists

  • Interpretivists

Explanation

Question 19 of 24

2

What are the advantages of life histories?

Select one or more of the following:

  • First-hand account

  • Researchers can't lead respondants

  • Provide a picture of social life over time

Explanation

Question 20 of 24

2

What are the disadvantages of life histories?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Can't provide insights or information

  • It is dependent on memory which can be selective

  • They can reflect biased opinions and attitudes

Explanation

Question 21 of 24

2

What are the advantages of case studies?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Give detail on a chosen area

  • Theories and hypothesis can be tested

Explanation

Question 22 of 24

1

'Case studies give useful information for a smaller research project'

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 23 of 24

1

What are the advantages of longitudinal studies?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Can examine developments over time

  • Don't take a long time

Explanation

Question 24 of 24

1

'In longitudinal studies, people can be lost due to death, failure to trace, etc..'

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation