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Quiz on SCLY1 - Families and Households theorists - Topic 1 Couples quiz (AQA AS sociology), created by Tahlie on 29/04/2015.

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SCLY1 - Families and Households theorists - Topic 1 Couples quiz (AQA AS sociology)

Question 1 of 28

1

Instrumental and Expressive roles: Husband has instrumental role and Wife has the expressive role. Based on biological differences.

Select one of the following:

  • Parson (1955)

  • Young and Willmott (1973)

  • Ann Oakley (1974)

Explanation

Question 2 of 28

1

Joint and Segregated Conjugal roles.

Select one of the following:

  • Murdock (1949)

  • Bott (1957)

  • Sullivan (2000)

Explanation

Question 3 of 28

1

Feminist view of housework. Husband helped wives once a week. 15% of husbands had high levels of participation in house work. 25% high participation in childcare. Pleasurable aspects of childcare.

Select one of the following:

  • Boulton (1983)

  • Greer (2000)

  • Oakley (1974)

Explanation

Question 4 of 28

1

Explains Gershuny (1994) in terms of economic factors rather than changing values or role models. As women's earning power increases relative to men, men do more in the home.AS long as earning remains unequal so will the division of labour.

Select one of the following:

  • Crompton (1997)

  • Schor (1993)

  • Silver (1987)

Explanation

Question 5 of 28

1

The rise of the housewife role: Although women were once part of the labour force they gradually became excluded and pushed into the housewife role.

Select one of the following:

  • Oakley (1974)

  • Kan (2001)

  • Gershuny (1994)

Explanation

Question 6 of 28

1

Boulton (1983) supports Oakley's findings. 20% of husbands had major role in childcare. Argues that Y and W exaggerate mens contribution by looking at tasks in stead of responsibilities.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 7 of 28

1

Symmetrical family - MARCH OF PROGRESS, Women - Work Men - Housework. Leisure time together. Result of Changes in women's position, Geographical mobility, New tech, Higher living standards

Select one of the following:

  • Young and Willmott (1973)

  • Bordieu (1984)

  • Greer (2000)

Explanation

Question 8 of 28

1

The impact of paid work: The trend towards equality. Wives who don't work - 83% of housework, wives who work part-time - 82%, Full time - 73%

Select one of the following:

  • Young and Willmott (1973)

  • Gershuny (!994)

  • Sommerville (2000)

Explanation

Question 9 of 28

1

Where one partner in lesbian couple did more paid work than the other, the time that each partner spent on domestic work was likely to be unequal. This suggests that paid work exerts an important influence on the division of labour even in same sex couples.

Select one of the following:

  • Weeks (1999)

  • Dunne (1999)

  • Greer (2000)

Explanation

Question 10 of 28

1

The commercialisation of housework - Economic developments which have reduce the burden of housework for women. Goods and services available that housewives previously had to produce. Women working means they can buy these things.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Schor (1993)

  • Silver (1987)

  • Ferri and Smith (1996)

Explanation

Question 11 of 28

1

The dual burden - men who suffered loss of their masculine role as a result of unemployment saw domestic work as women's work and to be avoided.

Select one of the following:

  • Ramos (2003)

  • Morris (1990)

  • Arber and Ginn (1995)

Explanation

Question 12 of 28

1

Resources and decision- making - Men gain far more from women's domestic work than they give back in financial support. Financial support has strings attached. Men make decisions about spending on important items.

Select one of the following:

  • Barrett and Mcintosh (1991)

  • Pahl and Vogler (1993)

  • Hardill (1997)

Explanation

Question 13 of 28

1

Most victims of domestic violence are women. 99% of all incidents against women are committed by men. Nearly 1 in 4 has been assaulted by a partner at some time in her life and 1 in repeatedly so.

Select one of the following:

  • Mirrlees- Black (1999)

  • Dobash and Dobash (1979)

  • Greer (2000)

Explanation

Question 14 of 28

1

Emotion work - women expected not only to do a double shift of housework and paid work but also a triple shift which includes emotion work.

Select one of the following:

  • Morris (1990)

  • Dunne (1999)

  • Duncombe and Marsden (1995)

Explanation

Question 15 of 28

1

Rejects the radical feminist view that all men benefit from violence against women. Not all men are aggressive and most are opposed to domestic violence.

Select one of the following:

  • Elliot (1996)

  • Millett (1970

  • Firestone (1970)

Explanation

Question 16 of 28

1

Gender Scripts - expectations or norms that set out the different gender roles men and women in heterosexual couples are expected to play. Contrasts with the situation among lesbian couples. Evidence of symmetry in childcare and careers.

Select one of the following:

  • Morgan (1997)

  • Dunne (1999)

  • Greer (2000)

Explanation

Question 17 of 28

1

Ramos (2003) - opposes Morris (1990) and found that in families where the man is not in paid work and his partner works full time male domestic labour matches that of his wife (19 hours per week)

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 18 of 28

1

Fill in the missing numbers; Radical feminists also fail to explain female violence, including child abuse by and violence against male partner. For example Mirrlees-Black found that 1in __ men had been assaulted and 1 in ____ repeatedly so.

Select one of the following:

  • 7 and 20

  • 5 and 10

  • 10 and 30

Explanation

Question 19 of 28

1

Two main types of control over family income: Pooling and allowance system. Pooling on increase(19 - 50%) Decrease in allowance (36% to 12%)

Select one of the following:

  • Pahl and Vogler (1993)

  • Barrett and Mcintosh (1993)

  • Womens aid federation (2000)

Explanation

Question 20 of 28

1

Professional couples - Very important decisions (Finance/Job) - Made by husband or jointly with husband having the final say. Important decisions (Childrens Education/ Holiday)- Made jointly but seldom by the wife alone. Less important decisions (Home Decor) - Made by the wife

Select one of the following:

  • Edgell (1980)

  • Yearnshire (1997)

  • Oakley (1974)

Explanation

Question 21 of 28

1

Inequalities in decision making are not simply the result of inequalities in earnings. They argue that that in a patriarchal society, the cultural definition of men as decision makers is deeply ingrained in both men and women.

Select one of the following:

  • Feminists

  • Marxists

  • The New Right

Explanation

Question 22 of 28

1

British Crime Survey (2007) - Domestic violence accounts for almost a sixth of all violent crime. Mirrlees - Black (1999) - Surveyed 16,000 people and estimates that there are 6.6million domestic violence assaults every year, about half involving physical injury.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 23 of 28

1

Which social groups at at high risk of domestic violence?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Children and young people

  • Those in lower social classes

  • Those who live in rented accomodation

  • Those on low incomes

  • Those with high levels of alcohol consumption and users of illegal drugs.

  • Those in higher social classes

  • Those with good incomes and no financial difficulties.

Explanation

Question 24 of 28

1

Cite examples of wives being slapped, pushed about, beaten, raped or killed by husbands. Violent incidents could be set off by what a husband considered a challenge to his authority. such as when his wife asked why he was late home. Argue that marriage legitimates violence against women by conferring power and authority on husbands and dependency on wives.

Select one of the following:

  • Dobash and Dobash (1979)

  • Graham (1984)

  • Kempson (1984)

Explanation

Question 25 of 28

1

Domestic violence, inequality and stress - He sees domestic violence as the result of stress on family members caused by social inequality. For example worries about money, jobs and housing may spill over into domestic conflict. Lack of money and time restricts peoples social circle and reduces social support for those under stress. This approach is useful in showing how inequalities produce stress and triggers conflict and violence in families. However this approach does not explain why women rather than men are the main victims of domestic violence.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Wilkinson (1996)

  • Firestone (1970)

  • Elliot (1996)

Explanation

Question 26 of 28

1

Official stats understate the true extent of the problem of domestic violence. On average a woman suffers 35 assaults before submitting a police report.

Select one of the following:

  • Yearnshire (1997)

  • Cheal (1991)

  • Vogler (1993)

Explanation

Question 27 of 28

1

Police and state agencies do not always record domestic violence because they make three assumptions about family life ; Family is a private sphere and therefore state agency contact should be limited. The family is a good thing and so agencies tend to neglect the darker side of the family. Individuals are free agents and so a woman experiencing abuse is free to leave, this is inaccurate.

Select one of the following:

  • Cheal (1991)

  • Mirrlees-Black (1999)

  • Mcintosh (1991)

Explanation

Question 28 of 28

1

Radical feminist explanation of domestic violence - All societies founded on patriarchy. The key division in society between men and women. MEN ARE THE ENEMY; they are the oppressors and exploiters of women.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Millett (1970)

  • Firestone (1970)

  • Elliot (1996)

Explanation