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Pathoanatomy January Finals

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General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (1-110)- 3rd Year- PMU

Question 1 of 110

1

Is it true that: Disease is a significant disturbance of the homeostasis due to changes in the environment or disturbance in the rebound response of the individual to it

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 2 of 110

1

ls it true that: Health is a state of imbalance of the organism with the external environment which doesn’t allow it to realize its biological potential

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 3 of 110

1

ls it correct that etiology studies the causes of the diseases.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 4 of 110

1

ls it correct that pathogenesis studies the mechanisms of healing from a disease?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 5 of 110

1

ls it true that morphogenesis studies the consequences of structural changes in the course of a disease?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 6 of 110

1

ls it true that sanogenesis studies the mechanisms of development of a disease?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 7 of 110

1

Is it true that tanatogenesis studies the changes which occur in the process of death?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 8 of 110

1

Is it true that pathomorphisis studies the microscopic an gross changes in the course of a disease?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 9 of 110

1

Is it true that cytology is a slow and very informative method?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 10 of 110

1

Is it true that biopsy is a slower method but gives maximum information and allows more tests to be done like genetics?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 11 of 110

1

Is it true that: Van Gieson stain proves collagen fibres that stain in red.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 12 of 110

1

Is it true that PAS reaction is used to prove glycogen which stains yellow?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 13 of 110

1

ls it true that Sudan III is used to prove lipids and they stain in orange?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 14 of 110

1

ls it true that Sudan IV is used to prove lipids and they stain in red?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 15 of 110

1

Is it true that Perls reaction is used to prove hemosiderin which stains in (Prussian) blue?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 16 of 110

1

Is it true that Toluidine Bleu stain used to prove glucosaminoglycans and the tissue demonstrates metachromasia in pink-violet color?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 17 of 110

1

Is it true that Congo red is used to prove hyaline which stains in “brick red” and shines like “a green apple” on a polarized light?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 18 of 110

1

Do intracellular accumulations depend on the type and intensity of the injurious stimuli?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 19 of 110

1

Is it possible that a tattoo can lead to enlargement and inflammation of the local lymph nodes?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 20 of 110

1

Exogenous pigments are divided into organic and nonorganic.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 21 of 110

1

Endogenous pigments are divided into hemoglobinogenous and non-hemoglobinogenous

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 22 of 110

1

Hemoglobinogenous pigments are divided into iron containing and non-iron containing.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 23 of 110

1

Bilirubin is iron-containing pigment.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 24 of 110

1

Hemosiderin is non-iron-containing pigment.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 25 of 110

1

Melanin, lipofuscin and adrenochromes are endogenous hemoglobmogenous pigments.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 26 of 110

1

Hepatocellular jaundice can be seen in malaria and some types of anemia.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 27 of 110

1

Obstructive jaundice can be seen in cancer of the head of pancreas and in choledocholithiasis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 28 of 110

1

Haemolytic jaundice is seen in acute hepatitis and in mushroom poisoning.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 29 of 110

1

Is sclerosis the end stage of fibrosis?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 30 of 110

1

Is it true that cirrhosis doesn’t cause deformation of the affected organ?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 31 of 110

1

Is it true that fibrinoid necrosis damages the fibrillary structures of the extracellular matrix but also the cells in the focus?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 32 of 110

1

Is it true that fibrosis is only a physiological process and cannot lead to organ deformation and dysfunction?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 33 of 110

1

Is it true that grossly, uric acid crystals are white painful nodules on the skin usually on the extensor surfaces on the extremities

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 34 of 110

1

ls it true that the capacity of cell proliferation is the most important factor for the development of hypertrophy or hyperplasia?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 35 of 110

1

ls it true that dysplasia means that cancer has already developed?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 36 of 110

1

ls it true that dysplasia can be found together with cancer?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 37 of 110

1

Is thrombus formation possible in the heart cavities?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 38 of 110

1

Are thrombosis and coagulation in normal homeostasis one a same process?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 39 of 110

1

Is it true that inflammatory and immune reactions are completely independent reactions of the organism against pathological agents?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 40 of 110

1

Is it true that hypersensitivity of immediate type is related to chronic inflammatory reactions.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 41 of 110

1

Is it true, that hypersensitivity of delayed type IV is related to chronic inflammatory reactions?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 42 of 110

1

Are necrosis and hemorrhages typical findings in adenomas?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 43 of 110

1

Is peritonitis possible complication of colon cancer?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 44 of 110

1

Is breast fibroadenoma a precancerous lesion?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 45 of 110

1

ls fibroadenoma a malignant tumor?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 46 of 110

1

Do benign tumors arising from the smooth muscles have a capsule?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 47 of 110

1

Do hemangiomas have a capsules?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 48 of 110

1

Are hemorrhages and necrosis in the smooth muscle tumors of uterus a typical sign for malignancy?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 49 of 110

1

Is it true that lymphomas are benign tumors?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 50 of 110

1

Are there benign tumors arising from the hemopoetic tissues?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 51 of 110

1

Can hydropic degeneration lead to necrosis of the cells?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 52 of 110

1

Does PAS reaction identifies glycogen in the cells?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 53 of 110

1

Is hypoxia an important factor for the development of fatty degeneration?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 54 of 110

1

Can gall bladder contain uric acid crystals?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 55 of 110

1

Is a hypoxia on important factor for development of the fatty degeneration?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 56 of 110

1

Is uric acid infarction related to a circulatory disorder?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 57 of 110

1

Is a deposition of the glycogen in the epithelium of the renal tubules a feature of diabetes?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 58 of 110

1

Does plasma leakage play an important role in the development of hyalinosis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 59 of 110

1

Are lysosomal enzymes important in the inflammatory processes?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 60 of 110

1

ls endothelial injury important for thrombosis?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 61 of 110

1

ls formalin a suitable fixative for demonstration of neutral lipids?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 62 of 110

1

Perls’ reaction is used for demonstrating hemosiderin

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 63 of 110

1

Could hemolytic jaundice be seen in the newborn?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 64 of 110

1

Is the development of amyloidosis possible in systemic diseases of the connective tissue?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 65 of 110

1

Can thrombosis lead to the embolism?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 66 of 110

1

Is coagulative necrosis seen in cerebral infarction?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 67 of 110

1

Does apoptosis affect a large group of cells?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 68 of 110

1

Does necrosis affect the cells and extracellular matrix?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 69 of 110

1

ls hemosiderin an iron-containing pigment

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 70 of 110

1

Do tumors reverse spontaneously and return to normal structures

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 71 of 110

1

Could serous inflammation be seen in myocardium?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 72 of 110

1

Is there a central necrosis in syphilitic granuloma

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 73 of 110

1

Are benign tumors encapsulated?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 74 of 110

1

Is serous inflammation a type of exudative inflammation?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 75 of 110

1

Is a glomus angioma a vascular tumor?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 76 of 110

1

Is metachromasia stained with toluidine blue characteristic for mucoid swelling?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 77 of 110

1

Is there a serous inflammation in the myocardium?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 78 of 110

1

Can benign tumors lack capsule:

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 79 of 110

1

Is metachromasia a characteristic for the mucoid degeneration?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 80 of 110

1

Blood vessels are present in tubercle granuloma?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 81 of 110

1

Glomus-tumor belongs to endothelial tumors

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 82 of 110

1

Benign tumors may not have a capsule:

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 83 of 110

1

Are the plasma cells characteristic for tubercle granuloma?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 84 of 110

1

Is there a coagulative necrosis in brain infarction?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 85 of 110

1

Can thrombus in v. portae cause arterial emboli in art. pulmonalis?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 86 of 110

1

Is it true that gross changes of the organs are important for the diagnosis?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 87 of 110

1

Is brown induration of lungs a reversible change if the mitral stenosis, which cause it, is corrected by a mitral valve prosthesis?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 88 of 110

1

Is it true that amyloid is an abnormal protein that accumulates in the extracellular space and lead to hypertrophy of the parenchymal cells and increased function of the organ?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 89 of 110

1

Preeancerous lesions may have a reverse development (back to normal tissue):

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 90 of 110

1

Is there a characteristic macroscopic appearance in organs with hyaline degeneration?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 91 of 110

1

Is it possible to find lymphocytes in the focus of acute inflamation

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 92 of 110

1

Is it possible to find neutrophils in the focus of chronic inflammation?

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Explanation

Question 93 of 110

1

Lipoma is a benign tumor from:

Select one of the following:

  • epithelial

  • mesenchymal origin

Explanation

Question 94 of 110

1

Specify the characteristic localization of intracellular hyaline degeneration:

Select one of the following:

  • liver cells

  • vascular endothelium

Explanation

Question 95 of 110

1

When is death possibly reversible?

Select one of the following:

  • clinical features of death

  • biological death

Explanation

Question 96 of 110

1

Indicate which cells are found in the granuloma "foreign body" type

Select one of the following:

  • giant cells Langhans type

  • macrophages

Explanation

Question 97 of 110

1

What may be the ultimate outcome of chronic venous congestion in the liver:

Select one of the following:

  • cardiac cirrhosis

  • brown induration

Explanation

Question 98 of 110

1

What kind ofjaundice develops in cancer of the papilla Vateri?

Select one of the following:

  • mechanic

  • hemolytic

Explanation

Question 99 of 110

1

Basal cell cancer is localized most frequently:

Select one of the following:

  • forearm skin

  • facial skin

Explanation

Question 100 of 110

1

Lymphangiomas locate most often:

Select one of the following:

  • on the face

  • on lips, tongue

Explanation

Question 101 of 110

1

Hyaline degeneration could be seen:

Select one of the following:

  • in liver cells

  • in endothelial cells

Explanation

Question 102 of 110

1

Haemorrhagic inflammation is characteristic for:

Select one of the following:

  • flu

  • rheumatism

Explanation

Question 103 of 110

1

Chronic venous congestion in liver leads to:

Select one of the following:

  • liver cirrhosis

  • brown induration in liver

Explanation

Question 104 of 110

1

Which of these bleedings occur in the respiratory system?

Select one of the following:

  • hemascos

  • epistaxis

Explanation

Question 105 of 110

1

More differentiated malignant tumors are generally:

Select one of the following:

  • more malignant

  • less malignant

Explanation

Question 106 of 110

1

The development of a new tumor in the scarring after surgery is called:

Select one of the following:

  • recurrence

  • ectopia

Explanation

Question 107 of 110

1

Where do we see fibrinoid necrosis:

Select one of the following:

  • base of a stomach ulcer

  • myocardial infarction

Explanation

Question 108 of 110

1

Specify the type of thrombus, according to its location to the vessel wall and lumen:

Select one of the following:

  • mixed

  • mural

Explanation

Question 109 of 110

1

Parenchyma of epithelial cancer has:

Select one of the following:

  • a nest type structure

  • diffuse structure

Explanation

Question 110 of 110

1

Dermoid cyst is

Select one of the following:

  • mature teratoma

  • kistadenoma in ovary

Explanation