Emily  Fox
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Psychology 101 Quiz on PSY 101-Chapter 6, created by Emily Fox on 17/10/2017.

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PSY 101-Chapter 6

Question 1 of 33

1

A decrease in sensory responsiveness accompanying an unchanging stimulus is called...

Select one of the following:

  • Sensory fatigue

  • Accommodation

  • Sensory adaptation

  • Sensory interaction

Explanation

Question 2 of 33

1

The size of the pupil is controlled by the...

Select one of the following:

  • Lens

  • Retina

  • Cornea

  • Iris

Explanation

Question 3 of 33

1

The process by which the lens changes its curvature is...

Select one of the following:

  • Accomidation

  • Sensory adaptation

  • Feature detection

  • Transduction

Explanation

Question 4 of 33

1

The sensory receptor of the eye that functions best in dim light is the...

Select one of the following:

  • Fovea

  • Cone

  • Bipolar cell

  • Rod

Explanation

Question 5 of 33

1

The phenomenon of size constancy is based on the close connection between an object’s perceived _______ and its perceived ________.

Select one of the following:

  • size; shape

  • size; distance

  • size; brightness

  • shape; distance

Explanation

Question 6 of 33

1

Frequency is to pitch as ___ is to ___.

Select one of the following:

  • wavelength; loudness

  • amplitude; loudness

  • wavelength; constancy

  • amplitude; constancy

Explanation

Question 7 of 33

1

According to the gate-control theory, a way to alleviate chronic pain would be to stimulate the ___ nerve fibers that ___ the spinal gate.

Select one of the following:

  • small; open

  • small; close

  • large; open

  • large; close

Explanation

Question 8 of 33

1

The transduction of light energy into nerve impulses takes place in the...

Select one of the following:

  • Iris

  • Retina

  • Lens

  • Cornea

Explanation

Question 9 of 33

1

The brain breaks vision into separate dimensions such as color, depth, movement, and form, and works on each aspect simultaneously. This is an example of ...

Select one of the following:

  • Illumination

  • Parallel processing

  • Accommodation

  • Opponent processing

Explanation

Question 10 of 33

1

One light may appear reddish and another greenish if they differ in...

Select one of the following:

  • Wavelength

  • Kinesthesis

  • Amplitude

  • Brightness

Explanation

Question 11 of 33

1

Although carpenter Smith perceived a briefly viewed object as a screwdriver, police officer Jones perceived the same object as a knife. This difference illustrates that perception is guided by...

Select one of the following:

  • Bottom-up processing

  • Sensory adaptation

  • Transduction

  • Perceptual set

Explanation

Question 12 of 33

1

As the football game continued into the night, Joe noticed that he was having difficulty distinguishing the colors of the players’ uniforms. This is because the _____, which enable color visions, have a ______ absolute threshold for brightness than the available light intensity.

Select one of the following:

  • rods; higher

  • cones; higher

  • rods; lower

  • cones; lower

Explanation

Question 13 of 33

1

When we stare at a nearby object, each eye receives a slightly different image, providing a depth cue known as...

Select one of the following:

  • Interposition

  • Linear perspective

  • Relative motion

  • Retinal disparity

Explanation

Question 14 of 33

1

The principle that one sense may influence another is...

Select one of the following:

  • Transduction

  • Sensory adaptation

  • Weber’s law

  • Sensory interaction

Explanation

Question 15 of 33

1

Which of the following is the correct order of the structures through which light passes through the eye?

Select one of the following:

  • Lens, pupil, cornea, retina

  • Pupil, cornea, lens, retina

  • Pupil, lens, cornea, retina

  • Cornea, pupil, lens, retina

Explanation

Question 16 of 33

1

Seventy-year-old Mrs. Martinez finds that she must spice her food heavily or she cannot taste it. Unfortunately, her son often finds her cooking inedible because it is so spicy. What is the likely explanation for their taste differences?

Select one of the following:

  • W

  • Mrs. Martinez's son is a long time smoker

  • Being 70-years-old, Mrs. Martinez probably has fewer taste buds than her son

  • All of the above

Explanation

Question 17 of 33

1

To maximize your sensitivity to fine visual detail you should...

Select one of the following:

  • Stare off to one side of the object you are attempting to see

  • Close one eye

  • Decrease the intensity of the light falling upon the object

  • Stare directly at the object

Explanation

Question 18 of 33

1

Eve hates the bitter taste of her cough syrup. Which of the following would she find most helpful in minimizing the syrup’s bad taste?

Select one of the following:

  • Tasting something sweet before taking the cough syrup

  • Keeping the syrup in her mouth for several seconds before swallowing it

  • Holding her nose while taking the cough syrup

  • There is nothing that can be done to minimize the perception of bad taste

Explanation

Question 19 of 33

1

Which of the following is true of cones?

Select one of the following:

  • Cones enable color vision

  • Cones are highly concentrated in the foveal region of the retina

  • Cones have higher absolute thresholds for brightness than rods

  • All of the above

Explanation

Question 20 of 33

1

Which of the following is an example of sensory interaction?

Select one of the following:

  • Finding that despite its delicious aroma, an unappetizing, weird-looking meal tastes bad

  • Finding that food tastes bland when you have a bad cold

  • Finding it difficult to maintain your balance when you have an ear infection

  • All of the above

Explanation

Question 21 of 33

1

Which of the following correctly lists the order of structures through which sound travels after entering the ear?

Select one of the following:

  • Auditory canal, eardrum, middle ear, cochlea

  • Eardrum, auditory canal, middle ear, cochlea

  • Eardrum, middle ear, cochlea, auditory canal

  • Cochlea, eardrum, middle ear, auditory canal

Explanation

Question 22 of 33

1

Dr. Frankenstein has forgotten to give his monster an important part within the inner ear, as a result, the monster cannot transduce sound. Doctor Frankenstein omitted the...

Select one of the following:

  • Eardrum

  • Auditory cortex

  • Stirrup

  • Basilar membrane

Explanation

Question 23 of 33

1

Sensation is to as perseption is to

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    bottom-up processing
    absolute threshold
    grouping
    interpretation
    top-down processing
    difference threshold
    detection
    priming

Explanation

Question 24 of 33

1

The process by which we organize and interpret sensory information is called

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    perseption
    sensation
    absolute threshold

Explanation

Question 25 of 33

1

Subliminal stimuli are...

Select one of the following:

  • too waek to be processed by the brain in any way

  • consciously percieved more than 50% of the time

  • always strong enough to affect our behavior

  • below our absolute threshold for conscious awareness

Explanation

Question 26 of 33

1

Another term for difference threshold is the

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    just noticable difference
    barely noticeable difference
    noticeable difference

Explanation

Question 27 of 33

1

Weber's Law states that for a diference to be percieved, two stimuli must differ by...

Select one of the following:

  • a fixed or constant energy amount

  • a constant minimum percent

  • a contantly changing amount

  • more than 7%

Explanation

Question 28 of 33

1

Sensory aadaption helps us focus on

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    important changes in the envoirment
    visual stimuli
    auditory stimuli
    constant features of the enviorment

Explanation

Question 29 of 33

1

Our perceptual set influences what we perceive. This mental tendency reflects our .

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    experiences and assumptions
    perceptual adaptation
    priming ability
    difference threshold

Explanation

Question 30 of 33

1

The characteristic of light that determines the color we experience, such as blue or green, is

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    wavelength
    hue
    amplitude

Explanation

Question 31 of 33

1

The amplitude of a light wave determines our perception of

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    brightness
    color
    meaning
    distance

Explanation

Question 32 of 33

1

The blind spot in your retina is located where...

Select one of the following:

  • there are rods but NO cones

  • there are cones but NO rods

  • the optic nerve leaves the eye

  • the bipolar cells meet the ganglian cells

Explanation

Question 33 of 33

1

Cones are the eye's receptor cells that are especially sensitive to light and are responsible for our vision.

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    bright
    dim
    color
    black-and-white

Explanation