Emily  Fox
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Psychology 101 Quiz on Psy 101-Chapter 1, created by Emily Fox on 21/09/2017.

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Psy 101-Chapter 1

Question 1 of 17

1

In an experiment to determine the effects of exercise on motivation, exercise is the...

Select one of the following:

  • Control Condition

  • Interventing Variable

  • Independent Variable

  • Dependent Variable

Explanation

Question 2 of 17

1

To ensure that other researchers can repeat their work, psychologists use...

Select one of the following:

  • Control Groups

  • Random Assignment

  • Double-blind Procedures

  • Operational Definitions

Explanation

Question 3 of 17

1

The scientific attitude of skepticism is based on the belief that...

Select one of the following:

  • People are rarely candid in revealing their thoughts

  • Mental processes can’t be studied objectively

  • The scientists intuition about behavior is usually correct

  • Ideas need to be tested against observable evidence

Explanation

Question 4 of 17

1

If shoe size and IQ scores are negatively correlated, which of the following is true?

Select one of the following:

  • People with large feet tend to have high IQ’s

  • People with small feet tend to have high IQ’s

  • People with small feet tend to have low IQ’s

  • IQ is unpredictable based on a person’s shoe size

Explanation

Question 5 of 17

1

Which of the following would be best for determining whether alcohol impairs memory?

Select one of the following:

  • Case Study

  • Naturalistic Observation

  • Survey

  • Experiment

Explanation

Question 6 of 17

1

Well-done surveys measure attitudes in a representative subset, or ____, of an entire group, or ___.

Select one of the following:

  • population; random sample

  • control group; experimental group

  • experimental group; control group

  • random sample; population

Explanation

Question 7 of 17

1

What is the mean of the following distribution of scores:
2,3,7,6,1,4,9,5,8,2?

Select one of the following:

  • 5

  • 4

  • 4.7

  • 3.7

Explanation

Question 8 of 17

1

What is the median of the following scores:
1,3,7,7,2,8,4

Select one of the following:

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

Explanation

Question 9 of 17

1

What is the mode of the following distribution of scores:
8,2,1,1,3,7,6,2,0,2

Select one of the following:

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 7

Explanation

Question 10 of 17

1

When a difference between two groups is statistically significant, this means that...

Select one of the following:

  • The difference is statistically real but of little practical significance

  • The difference is probably the result of sampling variation

  • The difference is not likely to be due to chance variation

  • All of these statements are true

Explanation

Question 11 of 17

1

Which of the following is the measure of central tendency that would be most affected by a few extreme scores in a small sample?

Select one of the following:

  • Mean

  • Median

  • Mode

  • The measures of central tendency will ALL be EQUALLY effected

Explanation

Question 12 of 17

1

To prevent the possibility that a placebo effect or researchers’ expectations will influence a study’s results, scientists employ...

Select one of the following:

  • Control Groups

  • Experimental Groups

  • Random Assignment

  • A Double-blind Procedure

Explanation

Question 13 of 17

1

In an experiment to determine the effects of attention on memory, memory is the...

Select one of the following:

  • Control Condition

  • Intervening Variable

  • Independent Variable

  • Dependent Variable

Explanation

Question 14 of 17

1

The strength of the relationship between two vivid events will most likely be...

Select one of the following:

  • Insignificant

  • Causal

  • Negative

  • Overestimated

Explanation

Question 15 of 17

1

Which type of research would allow you to determine whether students’ grades accurately predict later income?

Select one of the following:

  • Case Study

  • Double-blind Procedures

  • Correlational

  • None of the above

Explanation

Question 16 of 17

1

To study the effects of lighting on mood, Dr. Cooper had students fill out questionnaires in brightly or dimly lit rooms. In this study, the independent variable consisted of...

Select one of the following:

  • The number of students assigned to each group

  • The students’ responses to the questionnaire

  • The room lighting

  • The subject matter of the questions asked

Explanation

Question 17 of 17

1

Which of the following BEST exemplifies the hindsight bias?

Select one of the following:

  • After discovering Iraq did not have the capacity to develop weapons-of-mass destruction, most Americans regretted the decision to invade Iraq

  • After discovering Iraq did not have the capacity to develop weapons-of-mass destruction, Americans overestimated the extent to which they “knew-it-all-along”

  • Objects that we perceive in mirrors appear closer than they actually are

  • Objects that we perceive in mirrors appear farther than they actually are

Explanation